Migration Risks and Mitigation

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The biggest challenge to any cloud migration project is how effectively the migration risks are identified and mitigated. In the Seven-Step Model of Migration into the Cloud, the process step of testing and validating includes efforts to identify the key migration risks. In the optimization step, we address various approaches to mitigate the identified migration risks.

Migration risks for migrating into the cloud fall under two broad categories: the general migration risks and the security-related migration risks. In the former we address several issues including performance monitoring and tuning—essentially identifying all possible production level deviants; the business continuity and disaster recovery in the world of cloud computing service; the compliance with standards and governance issues; the IP and licensing issues; the quality of service (QoS) parameters as well as the corresponding SLAs committed to; the ownership, transfer, and storage of data in the application; the portability and interoperability issues which could help mitigate potential vendor lock-ins; the issues that result in trivializing and noncomprehending the complexities of migration that results in migration failure and loss of senior management’s business confidence in these efforts.

On the security front, the cloud migration risks are plenty—as addressed in
the guideline document published by the Cloud Security Alliance. Issues include security at various levels of the enterprise application as applicable on the cloud in addition to issues of trust and issues of privacy. There are several legal compliances that a migration strategy and implementation has to fulfill, including obtaining the right execution logs as well as retaining the rights to all audit trails at a detailed level—which currently may not be fully available. On matters of governance, there are several shortcomings in the current cloud computing service vendors. Matters of multi-tenancy and the impact of IT data leakage in the cloud computing environments is acknowledged; however, the robustness of the solutions to prevent it is not fully validated. Key aspects of vulnerability management and incident responses quality are yet to be supported in a substantial way by the cloud service vendors. Finally there are issues of consistent identity management as well.

Source of Information : Wiley - Cloud Computing Principles and Paradigms 2011

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